If you have oily skin, go for facewashes that contains salicylic or glycolic acid in it. They remove the excess oil, dead skin and unclog the pores.
In case you are already on treatments that cause dryness, do not opt for these instead use gentle cleansers.
Moisturise your skin with oil free, water based, non comedogenic and hypoallergenic products. Avoid heavy and greasy creams. Look for glycerine and hyaluronic based moisturisers that retain skins moisture.
Use an oil free sunscreen, matte and non greasy, especially if you are on peels or use retinoids based treatment creams.
Use mineral based makeup rather than heavy oil based foundations.
No rubbing or scrubbing your face.
Do not touch or pick on the pimples. Each time you touch you are introducing bacteria from your nails and fingers. This produces a bigger pus filled pimple that leaves a blemish or even a scar.
Do not oil your head and go to sleep. Use oil one to two hours before washing your hair. Oil trickles on your face and gives rise to acne.
Exercise regularly. It reduces the stress and keeps hormones in check.
Cut down on food with high glycemic index like pastas, rice, potatoes, breads, sugar, cornflakes. Consume less of dairy products.
Eat more vegetables, fruits, beans and whole grains.
Drink enough water to keep hydrated and remove toxins.
Probiotics like yogurt should be consumed more.
Sleep for at least 7-8 hrs.
Avoid stress of any kind physical or psychological.
Take omega 3, zinc, selenium and Vitamin C supplements.
AT YOUR DOCTORS CLINIC
Depending upon your acne, your dermatologist will prescribe you oral medication and some topical creams.
If your acne is not responding to treatment, you may be put on peels for acne or medical clean ups or even lasers and L.E.D therapy.
If you are diagnosed with PCOS, treatment should be taken for the same.
ACNE SCAR TREATMENT
Chemical peels like glycolic acid, salicylic acid, lactic, mandelic and black peel.
Microdermabrasion for mild scars –superficial abrasion of skin with aluminium oxide crystal.
Micro needling – done by an instrument called dermaroller. Less downtime and cheaper than lasers.
Fractional laser – multiple treatments are required. It improves scars and skin texture.
Fractional radio frequency – combination of microneedling with radio frequency. Multiple sessions are required.
Many times your dermatologist will combine different methods to achieve optimal results.
SOME MYTHS ABOUT ACNE
Acne is due to impure blood
Busted : Absolutely NO. I am sure by now you know that acne is due to hormonal imbalance and due to p.acnes and not impure blood.
Oily and fried food increase my acne
Busted: Only food with high glycemic content and dairy can cause acne.
Pimples occur due to heat in one’s body
Busted: Absolutely NO relation between body heat and acne.
Facials can cure acne
Busted: In fact facials can cause acne.
Massaging the face causes the sebaceous or oil producing glands to produce more oil and hence pimples. Go for medical facials at a skin clinic that cleans up your skin with the help of a machine without adding any layers of creams on your face.
Home remedies like toothpaste and chuna etc can work wonders for vanishing pimples
Busted: In case you have sensitive skin it can cause irritant contact dermatitis and burns. I have encountered so many cases of toothpaste and choona or slaked lime induced burns and scarring in my practice. It is very difficult to treat these scars, so think again before you resort to such measures.
Pimples occur only in teenagers
Busted: Acne is not limited to teenage years it can occur in adults too .
Thanks so much Dr Nidhi for spreading awareness amongst our readers about such an important topic.
Dr. Nidhi Singh Tandon
Consultant Dermatologist and Cosmetologist